Wines from the northern part of the Côte d'Or
By Russell Hone and Jean-Pierre Renard
This Guide was last updated on 26 April 2011
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It’s worth noting that the Grands Crus are appellations in their own right and do not have to name the village on the label e.g. Chambertin. Note also that some are in more than one village. All the Côte de Nuits Grands Crus are for red wines except Musigny, which is for both colours. There are a great number of Premiers Crus, in the hierarchy, these are the second best vineyard sites after the Grands Crus. The Premiers Crus are not AC in their own right and the name must be stated after the village appellation name e.g. Nuits-Saint-Georges Premier Cru Clos de la Marèchale. However, a wine blended from several such sites will be labelled simply as Premier Cru e.g. Nuits-Saint-Georges Premier Cru. The simple village name is third in the hierarchy and these appellations are referred to either as Village appellations or Communal appellations.
There are nine Grands Crus: Chambertin, Chambertin Clos de Bèze, Charmes-Chambertin, Chapelle-Chambertin, Griotte-Chambertin, Latricières-Chambertin, Mazis-Chambertin, Mazoyères Chambertin (can be named Charmes-Chambertin) and Ruchottes-Chambertin. They are mainly situated on the lower slopes of the Lavaux hill in the north of the area.
There are five Grands Crus: Bonnes Mares, Clos Saint-Denis, Clos de la Roche, Clos des Lambrays and Clos de Tart – the last being individually owned or a monopole in French.
The two Grands Crus are Musigny (red or white) and Bonnes Mares (shared with Morey-Saint-Denis).
The only Grand Cru in Vougeot, a walled vineyard of 50ha with a profusion of different growers.
Here are perhaps some of the most famous red Burgundies in the six Grands Crus: La Romanée, La Tâche, Richebourg, Romanée-Conti, Romanée-Saint-Vivant and La Grande Rue. In the adjoining village of Flagey-Echezeaux (confusingly without its own village appellation) there two more Grands Crus: Grands-Echezeaux, Echezeaux.
Right in the north of this micro-region Marsannay is the only appellation in the Côte de Nuits to produce all three colours - red 60%, rosé 25% and white 15%.
Predominantly red wines are produced in these vineyards between Dijon and Gevrey-Chambertin. There are five Premiers Crus.
Most of the 26 Premiers Crus are on the upper part of the Côte, from 280m to 380m, on brown limestone. The communal appellation is below on more chalky soils, with occasional areas of scree and marl.
The appellation, between Gevrey-Chambertin and Chambolle-Musigny, boasts 20 Premiers Crus vineyards situated on the east-facing limestone slopes below the Grands Crus. A tiny quantity of white is produced.
Red only is produced from the hillsides between the two Grands Crus, where the limestone is thinly covered with soil and the fissures allow the roots to dig deep. Of the 24 Premiers Crus, the best known is Les Amoureuses.
The 15ha of vineyards, producing 72% red and 28% white, abut those of the Grand Cru Clos de Vougeot, and there are four Premiers Crus.
The vineyards producing grapes for the Village appellation lie either at the top of the east-facing slope or at its foot on either side of the Grands Crus with the 15 Premiers Crus above and between the Grands Crus. The soils are limestone mixed with clayey marls. Reds only.
Producing mainly red wines with a small amount of white, the appellation falls into two parts, divided by the town itself. The northern portion, where the soils are pebbly alluvium with silt deposits, extends as far as the border of Vosne-Romanée, and the southern section, with marly-limestone soils, lies partly in Nuits-Saint-Georges and partly in Premeaux-Prissey. The 41 Premiers Crus are situated on the higher part of the slopes.
Overlooking the slopes of Gevrey-Chambertin and extending as far as the wood of Corton, the Hautes Côtes de Nuits vineyards occupy the sides of valleys between 300m and 400m (mainly above the limits of the Village appellations) with good exposure to the sun. The subsoil is limestone covered by eroded limestone and marl. Mainly red and rosé are produced, with very little white.
Mainly reds are produced in the appellation below the Hautes-Côtes de Nuits where the slopes are gentle and regular, not reaching the plateau. The vineyards are in the northern and the southern parts of this micro-region in the villages of Corgoloin, Comblanchien, Premeaux-Prissey, Brochon and Fixin.
Generic appellation for basic Burgundy red, white and rosé from Pinot Noir and Chardonnay whose vineyards are often adjacent to the Village appellations and located along the foot of the wine-growing slopes on limestone soils mixed with some clays and marls. The soils are stony, rocky even, and quick-draining. Rosé is made in some of the red wine areas. May also be called Bourgogne Grand-Ordinaire. The appellation Bourgogne Aligoté is specific to that grape variety.
Appellation covering the whole Burgundy region for reds and a very few rosés producing early-drinking wines from a blend of Pinot Noir (minimum one-third) with Gamay. Little produced in the Côte de Nuits.
This appellation was created in 1975 for white and rosé to replace the unglamorous Mousseux de Bourgogne AC (now used only for red sparkling). Quality continues to improve as more producers are cultivating grapes especially for sparkling wine. The wines must be made by the Traditional Method and aged on lees for minimum 12 months. Little is produced in the Côte de Nuits.
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